A migraine is a type of headache which is very painful. The migraine, as described by people who have this disease, is pulsing or throbbing pain in one part of the head. It is during migraines that people become very sensitive to light and sound. They may also become nauseated and vomit.
It is an established fact that migraine is three times more common in women than in men. Many people get to know when they are about to have a migraine attack as they start seeing flashing lights or zigzag lines or lose vision temporarily. There are various factors which trigger a migraine including Anxiety, Stress, Lack of food or sleep, Exposure to light and Hormonal changes in women.
Medicines can help prevent migraine attacks or help relieve symptoms of attacks when they happen. For many people, treatments to relieve stress can also help. Both, over the counter and prescription medicines are available for migraine.
Studies have reported significant relief in nearly 70% of patients when they are given a medicine which is a combination of aspirin, acetaminophen, and caffeine. The combination, approved by FDA for the temporary relieve of migraine and its associated symptoms, is also helpful in menstrual migraines. Medicines with ibuprofen as ingredient are also approved to treat migraine headache.
In case of mild-to-moderate migraine pain, NSAIDs are considered among the first types of medicines. Sumatriptan (Imitrex) is a prescription medicine for the acute treatment of migraine attacks. Flunarizine (Sibelium) is another medicine used for the prevention of migraine headaches with or without warning signs that occur before the headache begins. However, this medicine should not be used for treatment of acute migraine headaches. Flunarizine helps to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks and, to a lesser extent, the severity of the attacks.